# Planar Hypohamiltonian Graphs on 40 Vertices

- Published in 2013
- Added on

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A graph is hypohamiltonian if it is not Hamiltonian, but the deletion of any single vertex gives a Hamiltonian graph. Until now, the smallest known planar hypohamiltonian graph had 42 vertices, a result due to Araya and Wiener. That result is here improved upon by 25 planar hypohamiltonian graphs of order 40, which are found through computer-aided generation of certain families of planar graphs with girth 4 and a fixed number of 4-faces. It is further shown that planar hypohamiltonian graphs exist for all orders greater than or equal to 42. If Hamiltonian cycles are replaced by Hamiltonian paths throughout the definition of hypohamiltonian graphs, we get the definition of hypotraceable graphs. It is shown that there is a planar hypotraceable graph of order 154 and of all orders greater than or equal to 156. We also show that the smallest hypohamiltonian planar graph of girth 5 has 45 vertices.

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### BibTeX entry

@article{PlanarHypohamiltonianGraphson40Vertices, title = {Planar Hypohamiltonian Graphs on 40 Vertices}, abstract = {A graph is hypohamiltonian if it is not Hamiltonian, but the deletion of any single vertex gives a Hamiltonian graph. Until now, the smallest known planar hypohamiltonian graph had 42 vertices, a result due to Araya and Wiener. That result is here improved upon by 25 planar hypohamiltonian graphs of order 40, which are found through computer-aided generation of certain families of planar graphs with girth 4 and a fixed number of 4-faces. It is further shown that planar hypohamiltonian graphs exist for all orders greater than or equal to 42. If Hamiltonian cycles are replaced by Hamiltonian paths throughout the definition of hypohamiltonian graphs, we get the definition of hypotraceable graphs. It is shown that there is a planar hypotraceable graph of order 154 and of all orders greater than or equal to 156. We also show that the smallest hypohamiltonian planar graph of girth 5 has 45 vertices.}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1302.2698v4 http://arxiv.org/pdf/1302.2698v4}, year = 2013, author = {Mohammadreza Jooyandeh and Brendan D. McKay and Patric R. J. {\"{O}}sterg{\aa}rd and Ville H. Pettersson and Carol T. Zamfirescu}, comment = {}, urldate = {2019-05-09}, archivePrefix = {arXiv}, eprint = {1302.2698}, primaryClass = {math.CO}, collections = {fun-maths-facts} }